Monaco Energies Renouvelables (M.E.R.)
To assist Monaco’s transition towards a carbon-free society by 2050, the Princely Government and the Société Monégasque de l’Électricité et du Gaz (SMEG) combined their skills in 2017, creating the company Monaco Energies Renouvelables (M.E.R.) with the goal of Monaco having the ability to produce 100% green electricity equivalent to the territory’s consumption. In order to best cover the consumption curve of the Principality, a target mix of technologies was determined by the Princely Government, incorporating photovoltaic, wind and hydraulic technologies.
In 2018, Monaco Energies Renouvelables announced the acquisition of eight photovoltaic parks totalling a production capacity of 39 MW peak power, in seven departments in the South of France.
These sites acquired total a production of 46,000 MWh per annum, i.e. approximately 9% of the electrical consumption of the Principality of Monaco. Thomas Battaglione, Director General of the SMEG and Deputy Director of M.E.R. said: “The SMEG, as an energy company and operator, is working with the State of Monaco to provide its expertise in the renewable energy sector, identify the best development opportunities and ensure the best possible operating yield.”
At the end of 2020, M.E.R chose to acquire three projects developed by ABO Wind. This partnership with one of the international references in wind power development has enabled the construction of three parks (including between 2 and 4 wind turbines per project), including two in Charente and one in the Côtes d’Armor department.
The wind turbines used are Vestas and Nordex brands, two leading manufacturers, for unit power of between 2 and 2.5 MW, and altitudes between 145 and 160 metres.
Built in favourable areas with suitable wind patterns, these turbines provide a cumulative annual production of 57 GWh per annum, i.e. 10% of the electricity consumption of the Principality. In complementarity with photovoltaic parks which are only productive in the day, with a production peak around midday, consistent with the peak of electrical consumption in the Principality linked to air conditioning, wind farms can thereby provide coverage of the “base” consumption of the territory, particularly during the night.
At the dawn of 2021, with 10 photovoltaic parks and 3 wind parks, M.E.R. secured the control of 75 MW of renewable energy, i.e. 25% of the Principality’s consumption.